A Voice in the
" Origins of Christ 'mass'
Customs, Rituals, Traditions and Origins "
This article is going to look into the common customs, rituals and traditions that are associated with the Christ 'mass' holiday (holy day). Last year [link] we focused on the origins of the pagan tree that adorns homes all over America and must of the world every winter solstice celebration. This study will be utilizing several sources both that are from historical books as well as available on the internet.
A Savior is born...
"For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord." Luke 2:11
Yes indeed! Our Savior was born and He fulfilled prophecy, He was born in Bethlehem (Matt. 2:1) and His life, God's gift to mankind made our Salvation possible. His death on the cross paid the penalties for our sin. He is the hope of every Christian.
"Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit." Romans 15:13
Should Christians celebrate Jesus's birthday?
The question must be presented, why do we celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ on a specific day? Should His birth, life, death and Resurrection not be celebrated every day in a Christian's life? Are birthdays celebrated in the bible?
These are the only two birthdays being celebrated that are mentioned in God's Word. Both of these men who celebrated their birthdays were pagan leaders of the people. If God wanted us to set aside a day each year to celebrate the birth of His Son Jesus, would it not a date have been clearly given? Why is it that the bible is silent on the date of Jesus's birth? We will be discussing the origin of December 25th having been selected as the day that the world's Christians set aside to celebrate the birth of Jesus later. First we are going to take a look at which season Jesus could not have been born in.
Was Jesus born on December 25th?
While the Holy Scriptures are silent on the date of Jesus's birth we can determine that Jesus could not have been born in the month of December by using Scripture.
"Now there were in the same country shepherds living out in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night." Luke 2:8
A very good argument has been made as to why Jesus couldn't have been born in December. We are going to take a look at another argument against December based off of the Holy Scriptures.
"Bethlehem has a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and cold winters. Temperatures in the winter season, from mid-December to mid-March, could be cold and rainy. January is the coldest month, with temperatures ranging from 1 to 13 degree Celsius (33-55 °F). From May through September, the weather is warm and sunny. August is the hottest month, with a high of 27 degrees Celsius (81 °F). Bethlehem receives an average of 700 millimeters (27.6 in) of rainfall annually, 70% between November and January."1
"Keeping watch - by night - Or, as in the margin, keeping the watches of the night, i.e. each one keeping a watch (which ordinarily consisted of three hours) in his turn. The reason why they watched them in the field appears to have been, either to preserve the sheep from beasts of prey, such as wolves, foxes, etc., or from freebooting banditti, with which all the land of Judea was at that time much infested. It was a custom among the Jews to send out their sheep to the deserts, about the passover, and bring them home at the commencement of the first rain: during the time they were out, the shepherds watched them night and day. As the passover occurred in the spring, and the first rain began early in the month of Marchesvan, which answers to part of our October and November, we find that the sheep were kept out in the open country during the whole of the summer. And as these shepherds had not yet brought home their flocks, it is a presumptive argument that October had not yet commenced, and that, consequently, our Lord was not born on the 25th of December, when no flocks were out in the fields; nor could he have been born later than September, as the flocks were still in the fields by night. On this very ground the nativity in December should be given up. The feeding of the flocks by night in the fields is a chronological fact, which casts considerable light upon this disputed point."2
"And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. This census first took place while Cyrenius was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was, that while they were there, the days were fulfilled for her to give birth. And she gave birth to her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn." Luke 2:1-7
The thought being here is that a census would not be taken during the cold winter months but rather during more favorable weather either spring, summer or early fall. While this can not seemingly be proven as history is often distorted by those who write it and varying contradictions can appear out of alternative historical works this is a common sense argument. Once the origin of the selecting of December 25th is investigated this theory will become even more grounded.
Origin of December 25th, Jesus's birthday or an ancient pagan holy day?
Now we will divulge the origin of Christ 'mass' and see how indeed this date was well-known and celebrated long before the birth of Christ. We will also look into how it became associated with Jesus's birth. Here is an excerpt from an old book regarding the origin of Christ 'mass'.
"This festival has been commonly believed to have had only an astronomical character, referring simply to the completion of the sun's yearly course, and the commencement of a new cycle. But there is indubitable evidence that the festival in question had a much higher influence than this--that it commemorated not merely the figurative birthday of the sun in the renewal of its course, but the birth-day of the grand Deliverer...the Sun-God and great mediatorial divinity."3
Here we can see that early Christians did not celebrate Christ 'mass', as pointed out in the study regarding the origin of the tree the holiday was banned in the mid 1600's in Massachusetts Bay Colony.
"...within the Christian Church no such festival as Christmas was ever heard of till the third century, and...not till the fourth century was far advanced did it gain much observance. How, then, did the Romish Church fix on December 25th as Christmas-day? Why, thus: Long before the fourth century, and long before the Christian era itself, a festival was celebrated among the heathen, at that precise time of the year, in honour of the birth of the son of the Babylonian queen of heaven; and it may fairly be presumed that, in order to conciliate the heathen, and to swell the number of nominal adherents of Christianity, the same festival was adopted by the Roman Church, giving it the name of Christ."4
Probably one of the main reasons that many so-called Christians would have a very hard time seeing through the matter, though if they are not truly saved they ought to focus on that first and foremost!, is the fact that there is so much ecumenism. Not all who call themselves Christians are indeed truly saved and not all of the Churches are truly New Testament Churches that are honorable and obedient to the Most High.
"For not all those of Israel are Israel." Romans 9:6b
The study is written for Christians or for whomever God desires to read it. The 'christian' world can not readily mark off their Catholic brethren, the root of so-called christianizing of this pagan holiday. With the amount of ecumenism, one-ness, agreeing to disagree - but keeping the basics, or whatever title such stuff goes under it is no wonder that biblical Christianity is indeed something found by only the few.
"Because narrow is the gate and distressing is the way which leads unto life, and there are few who find it." Matthew 7:14
Here is the origin of attaching Jesus's day of birth to December 25th.
"Many Roman Catholics would like to point to Pope Liberius, who in 354 A.D. decreed Christmas to be celebrated December 25th. In reality it was the Roman Emperor, Constantine who declared December 25th to be Christ's birthday in the year 336 A.D. What was his reason for this? It was based on political pressure! Many zealous church members urged the decree.
Why December 25th? That day was already observed as a heathen holiday...'THE FEAST OF SATURN, BIRTHDAY OF THE UNCONQUERED SUN.' This pagan feast began two weeks of festivities which included feasting, drinking, abstention from work, special musical presentations and the exchanging of gifts.
You will remember that Constantine was the first 'christian' emperor of the Roman Empire. As a result of a vision of the cross, (inscribed with "in hoc signo vinces" which in Latin means - by this emblem shalt thou conquer) in 312 A.D. Constantine gave full support to Christianity and proclaimed it the official religion of the Empire."5
In order to put this matter to rest regarding the historical truths of December 25th and the winter solstice we are going to briefly review a snippet about the dating of the winter solstice and then go over some historical documentation regarding Christ 'mass' and the origins.
"Since 45 BCE, when the 25th of December was established in the Julian calendar as the winter solstice of Europe, (Latin: Bruma), the difference between the calendar year (365.2500 days) and the tropical year (365.2422 days) moved the day associated with the actual astronomical solstice forward approximately three days every four centuries until 1582 when Pope Gregory XIII changed the calendar bringing the northern winter solstice to around December 21. Yearly, in the Gregorian calendar, the solstice still fluctuates slightly but, in the long term, only about one day every 3000 years."6
Here we can see that the winter solstice was celebrated on December 25th. Now moving right along...
"In pagan Rome and Greece, in the days of the Teutonic barbarians, in the remote times of ancient Egyptian civilization, in the infancy of the race East and West and North and South, the period of the winter solstice was ever a period of rejoicing and festivity. Even the Puritanism of the Anglo-Saxon has not been equal to the task of defending Yule-tide from a triumphant inroad of pagan rites and customs..."7
Taking a moment aside to mention just how telling this really is. Understandably much European literature, as the above, was written by Catholics or those who only saw the Catholic faith as the sole means of Christianity. So much of history dealing with Christianity has a very heavy or predominant Catholic slant. The above is quite telling as it is not only what is happening today with the churches who will have rock concerts, other worldly sponsorships and events as well as their 'come-as-you-are' type settings to even relates it to the fact that the teachers or proselytizers themselves were unwilling to give up worldly things for the cause of Christ.
"The wild revels, indeed, of the Christmas period in olden times almost stagger belief. Obscenity, drunkenness, blasphemy, -- nothing came amiss. License was carried to the fullest extent of the licentiousness."10
"Merrie (sic) old England was the soil in which Merrie Christmas took its firmest root. Even in Anglo-Saxon days we hear of Alfred holding high revelry in December, 878, so that he allowed the Danes to surprise him , cut his army to pieces, and send him a fugitive. The court revelries increased in splendor after the Conquest. Christmas, it must be remembered, was not then a single day of sport. It had its preliminary novena which began December 16, and it ended on January 6, or Twelth-Night. All this period was devoted to holiday-making."11
"We have frequently...had occasion to remark on the numerous traces still visible in popular customs of the old pagan rites and ceremonies. There, it is needless here to repeat, were extensively retained after the conversion of Britain to Christianity, partly because the Christian teachers found it impossible to wean their converts from their cherished superstitions and observances, and partly because they themselves, as a matter of expediency, ingrafted the rites of the Christian religion on the old heathen ceremonies, believing that thereby the cause of the Cross would be rendered more acceptable to the generality of the populace, and thus be more effectually promoted."14
"Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness? And what agreement has Christ with Belial? Or what part has a believer with an unbeliever? And what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For you are the temple of the living God. As God has said: I will dwell in them and walk among them. I will be their God, and they shall be My people. Therefore, Come out from among them and be separate, says the Lord. Do not touch what is unclean, and I will receive you." 2nd Corinthians 6:14-17
As if that were not telling enough it gets even more obvious. In fact this historical source simply explains it as it is...
"But Jesus said to him, No one, having put his hand to the plow, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God." Luke 9:62
"In the early ages of Christianity, its ministers frequently experienced the utmost difficulty in inducing the converts to refrain from indulging in the popular amusements which were so largely participated in by their pagan countrymen. Among others, the revelry and licence (sic) which characterized the Saturnalia called for special animadversion. But at last, convinced partly of the inefficacy of such denunciations, and partly influenced by the idea that the spread of Christianity might thereby be advanced, the church endeavored to amalgamate, as it were, the old and new religions, and sought, by transferring the heathen ceremonies to the solemnities of the Christian festivals, to make them subservient to the cause of religion and piety. A compromise was thus effected between clergy and laity, though it must be admitted that it proved anything but a harmonious one, as we find a constant, though ineffectual, proscription by the ecclesiastical authorities of the favourite amusements of the people, including among others the sports and revelries at Christmas.
Ingrafted thus on the Roman Saturnalia, the Christmas festivities received in Britain further changes and modifications, by having superadded to them, first, the Druidical rites and superstitions, and then, after the arrival of the Saxons, the various ceremonies practiced by the ancient Germans and Scandinavians. The result has been the strange medley of Christian and pagan rites which contribute to make up the festivities of the modern Christmas."19
Continuing on a historical aspect of the origins...
"...the festivities of which, originally derived from the Roman Saturnalia, had afterwards been intermingled with the ceremonies observed by the British Druids at the period of the winter-solstice, and at a subsequent period became incorporated with the grim mythology of the ancient Saxons."15
"Sir Isaac Newton, indeed, remarks in his Commentary of the Prophecies of Daniel, that the feast of the Nativity, and most of the other ecclesiastical anniversaries, were originally fixed at cardinal points of the year, without any reference to the dates of the incidents which they commemorated, dates which, by the elapse of time, had become impossible to be ascertained. Thus the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary was placed on the 25th of March, or about the time of the vernal equinox; the feast of St. Michael on the 29th of September, or near the autumnal equinox; and the birth of Christ and other festivals at the time of the winter-solstice. Many of the apostles' days - such as St. Paul, St. Matthias, and others - were determined by the days when the sun entered the respective signs of the ecliptic, and the pagan festivals had also a considerable share in the adjustment of the Christian year...Though Christian nations have thus, from an early period in the history of the church, celebrated Christmas about the period of the winter-solstice or the shortest day, it is well known that many, and, indeed, the greater number of the popular festive observances by which it is characterized, are referrible (sic) to a much more ancient origins. Amid all the pagan nations of antiquity, there seems to have been a universal tendency to worship the sun as the giver of life and light, and the visible manifestation of the Deity. Various as were the names bestowed by different peoples on this object of their worship, he was still the same divinity. Thus, at Rome, he appears to have been worshipped under one of the characters attributed to Saturn, the father of the gods; among the Scandinavian nations he was known under the epithet of Odin or Woden, the father of Thor, who seems afterwards to have shared with his parent the adoration bestowed on the latter, as the divinity of which the sun was the visible manifestation; whilst with the ancient Persians, the appellation for the god of light was Mithras, apparently the same as the Irish Mithr, and with the Phoenicians or Carthaginians it was Baal or Bel, an epithet familiar to all students of the Bible."17
"Others have derived it from some one or other of the Roman festivals held in the latter part of December, as the Saturnalia, or the Sigillaria which followed them, or the Juvenalia established by Nero. A more striking parallel, however, than any of these is to be found in the Brumalia, or the Natalis Invicti (Solis), when the Sun, then at the winter solstice, was, as it were, born anew...Mr. King (Gnostics and their Remains, p. 49), who derives the Roman festival from the Mithras-worship of the Sun. Then as Mithraicism gradually blended with Christianity, changing its name but not altogether its substance, many of its ancient notions and rites passed over too, and the Birthday of the Sun, the visible manifestation of Mithras himself, was transferred to the commemoration of the Birth of Christ."22
"In the West it (Christmas) has been celebrated on 25 Dec since 336 AD, partly in order to replace the non-Christian sun worship on the same date."28
Customs, Rituals and Traditions
Now that we have taken an exhausting look into the roots of Christ 'mass' it should be more than suffice for even the hardest skeptic to acknowledge that the Lord Jesus Christ and the celebration of Christ 'mass' have nothing in common. Let's turn our attention to some of the other customs, rituals and traditions that go along with the celebration of this pagan holiday and see that despite common misconceptions the true origins of these things are indeed pagan.
Holly and Mistletoe
"Yet the holly and the mistletoe are a survival of ancient Druidical worship..."8
The following legend regarding the mistletoe, from the Scandinavian mythology, may here be introduced: Balder, the god of poetry and eloquence, and second son of Odin and Friga, communicated one day to his mother a dream which he had had, intimating that he should die. She (Friga), to protect her son from such a contingency, invoked all the powers of nature - fire, air, earth, and water, as well as animals and plants - and obtained an oath from them that they should do Balder no hurt. The latter then went and took his place amid the combats of the gods, and fought accompanied by their priests, the Druids, sallied forth with great pomp and rejoicing to gather the mystic parasite, which, in addition to the religious reverence with which it was regarded, was believed to posses wondrous curative powers. When the oak was reached on which the mistletoe grew, two white bulls were bound to the tree and the chief Druid, clothed in white (the emblem of purity), ascended, and, with a golden knife, cut the sacred plant, which was caught by another priest in the folds of his robe. The bulls, and often also human victims, were then sacrificed, and various festivities followed. The mistletoe thus gathered, was divided into small portions, and distributed among the people, who hung up the sprays over the entrances to their dwellings, as a propitiation and shelter to without fear in the midst of showers of arrows, Loake, his enemy, resolved to discover the secret of Balder's invulnerability, and, accordingly, disguising himself as an old woman, he addressed himself to Friga with complimentary remarks on the valour and good-fortune of her son. The goddess replied that no substance could injure him, as all the productions of nature had bound themselves by an oath to refrain from doing him any harm. She added, however, with the awkward simplicity which appears so often to characterize mythical personages, that there was one plant which, from its insignificance, she did not think of conjuring, as it was impossible that it could inflict any hurt on her son. Loake inquired the name of the plant in question, and was informed that it was a feeble little shoot, towing on the bark of the oak, with scarcely any soil. Then the treacherous Loake ran and procured the mistletoe, and, having entered the assembly of the gods, said to the blind Heda: 'Why do you not contend with the arrows of Balder?' Heda replied: 'I am blind, and have no arms.' Loake then presented him with an arrow formed from the mistletoe, and said: 'Balder is before thee," Heda shot, and Balder fell pierced and slain."16
"Two popular observances belonging to Christmas are more especially derived from the worship of our pagan ancestors - the hanging up of the mistletoes, and the burning of the Yule long. As regards the former of these practices, it is well known that, in the religion of the Druids, the mistletoe was regarded with the utmost veneration, though the reverence which they paid to it seems to have been restricted to the plant when found growing on the oak - the favourite tree of their divinity Tutanes - who appears to have been the same as the Phenician (sic) god Baal, or the sun, worshipped under so many different names by the various pagan nations of antiquity. At the period of the winter-solstice, a great festival was celebrated in his honour, as will be found more largely commented on under our notice of Christmas Day. When the sacred anniversary arrived, the ancient Britons, the sylvan deities during the season of frost and cold. These rites in connection with the mistletoe, were retained throughout the Roman dominion in Britain, and also for a long period under the sovereignty of the Jutes, Saxons, and Angles.
Christ 'mass' Carols
"...the Christmas carol is a new birth, purified and exalted, of the hymns of the Saturnalia..."9
Christ 'mass' Lights and Candles
"The Puritans, indeed, denounced not only the singing of Christmas carols, but the observance of the festival of Christmas itself, as pernicious an unscriptual, and to their influence has been ascribed much of the seriousness characterizing this department of popular poetry in later times."20
"Throughout Northern Germany the tables are spread and light left burning during the entire night, that the Virgin Mary and the angel who passes when everybody sleeps many find something to eat. In certain parts of Austria they put candles in the windows, that the Christ-Child may not stumble in passing through the village."12
Miscellaneous Christ 'mass' Decorations
"An Arab geographer quoted in the tenth century a tradition that trees and flowers blossomed on Christmas and in the thirteenth century a French epic tells of candles appearing of the flowering trees."25
"The candles were lighted by the pagans on the eve of the festival of the Babylonian god, to do honor to him, for it was one of the distinguishing peculiarities of his worship to light wax candles on his altars."30
"The use of wreaths at Christmas time is believed by authorities to be traceable to the pagan customs of decorating building and places of worship at the feast of the winter solstice."29
Note: Common sense after completing this study would seem to point to wreaths representing the sun, or worship of the sun.
"The custom of decorating the houses with greens is derived from...(the) belief in the blossoming of trees and plants at Christmas. Yet one archbishop forbade the use of greens on the assumption that the custom was of heathen origin. The use of mistletoe is without doubt traced to the Druids, who regarded it with reverence long before the Christian era. In celebration of the winter solstice the Druid priests gathered mistletoe and piled it on the altar of their god and burned it in sacrifice to him...whenever enemies met under the mistletoe they would drop their arms, forget their enmities and embrace. It is believed that the custom of kissing under the mistletoe grew out of this ancient practice."25
The winter-solstice "by the Romans, this anniversary was celebrated under the title of Saturnalia, or the festival of Saturn, and was marked by the prevalence of a universal license and merry-making. The slaves were permitted to enjoy for a time a thorough freedom in speech and behaviour, and it is even said that their masters waited on them as servants. Every one feasted and rejoiced, work and business were for a season entirely suspended, the houses were decked with laurels and evergreens, presents were made by parents and friends, and all sorts of games and amusements were indulged in by the citizens. In the bleak north, the same rejoicing had place, but in a ruder and more barbarous form. Fires were extensively kindled, both in and out of doors, blocks of wood blazed in honour of Odin and Thor, the sacred mistletoe was gathered by the Druids, and sacrifices, both of men and cattle, were made to the savage divinities. Fires are said, also, to have been kindled at this period of the year by the ancient Persians, between whom and the Druids of Western Europe a relationship is supposed to have existed."18
"The decking of churches, houses, and shops with evergreens at Christmas, springs from a period far anterior to the revelation of Christianity, and seems proximately to be derived from the custom prevalent during the Saturnalia of the inhabitants of Rome ornamenting their temples and dwelling with green boughs. From this latter circumstance, we find several early ecclesiastical councils prohibiting the members of the church to imitate the pagans in thus ornamenting their houses. But in process of time, the pagan custom was like others of a similar origin, introduced into and incorporated with the ceremonies of the church itself."21
"In Germany the decoration of the house begins as early as the morning of the 24th. One room, from which all save "die Mutter" is rigidly excluded, contains the Christmas-tree and all the presents, set in a shining row upon the table. Greens are hung from window and door, and garlands upon the walls...The children's eyes are glued to the sliding doors, which are presently to open and disclose the tree. Six o'clock, -- a bell rings. Back swings the portal, and there it stands, resplendent with lights and tinsel."13
Another tidbit on the Puritans.
"The sin of Judah is written with an iron stylus; it is engraved on the tablet of the heart and on the horns of Your altar with the point of a diamond; while their children remember their altars and their groves by the green trees on the high hills. O My mountain in the field, I will give your wealth and all your treasures for plunder, and your high places for sin, throughout all your borders. And you, even yourself, have let go of the inheritance which I gave you; and I will cause you to serve your enemies in a land which you do not know. For you have kindled a fire in My anger, which shall burn forever. Thus says Jehovah, Cursed is the man who trusts in man, and makes flesh his strength, and whose heart departs from Jehovah." Jeremiah 7:1-5
"There was a time during the Puritan ascendancy in England when the observance of Christmas was forbidden. A law was passed in 1644 making December 25 a market day and ordering that the shops be kept open. The making of plum puddings and mince pies was forbidden as a heathen custom. This law was repealed after the Restoration, but the Dissenters ridiculed the celebration of Christmas by calling it "Fooltide" in burlesque of Yuletide. The General Court of Massachusetts passed a law in 1659 making the observance of Christmas a penal offense. This law was later repealed as the English law had been, but it was many years before there were any general Christmas celebrations in New England."26
A Final Thought
While it is clear that Christ 'mass' has been celebrated for well over a millennia it should be noted that time does not make evil not evil or sin not sin. Some of the things that we are used to in America are not as old as they seem. Here is a great example:
"Early in the present century the custom of setting up a Christmas tree in a public place and decorating it with colored lights was adopted in many American cities. In 1909 the people of Pasadena, Calif., instead of setting up a tree in the city, selected a tall evergreen on Mount Wilson, decorated it with lights and tinsel and loaded it with gifts which were distributed on Christmas day. In 1912 a tree was set up in Madison Square in New York and on the Common in Boston for the first time. And in 1914 a tree was placed in Independence Square in Philadelphia."27
So you see what we perceive to having always been done in fact hasn't hardly been done a hundred years, in many cases several years less than that.
What then should a Christian do in regards to this information? Should a Christian still celebrate Christ 'mass' or not? What about ones friends and family, what will they think?
The Most High hates idolatry and this is what Christ 'mass' is all about. Christians should not partake of the Catholic mass, which is the origin of the name of this pagan holiday.
"Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry." 1st Corinthians 10:14
We are called by God to live holy and righteous lives before Him. We are to be separate from the world. What
the world does in celebrating Christ 'mass' is not for us. Just as rock music has crept into many churches around the country we mustn't dismiss this error just because it is far older.
"You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself a carved image; any likeness of anything in the heavens above, or in the earth beneath, or in the waters under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them; for I, Jehovah your God, am a jealous Mighty God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments." Deuteronomy 5:7-10
"Just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blemish before Him in love." Ephesians 1:4
Our walk with Christ is an individual walk. While we may very well have the fellowship of other Believers we might otherwise be alone. Each one of us individually will give an account of himself before our Creator.
There are times when taking a stance for Christ can mean the loss of friends and family members.
"And you, who once were alienated and hostile in your mind by wicked works, yet now He has reconciled in the body of His flesh through death, to present you holy, and without blemish, and above reproach in His sight." Colossians 1:21-22
"Therefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and rest your hope fully upon the grace that is to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; as obedient children, not conforming yourselves to the former lusts in your ignorance; but as He who called you is holy, you also become holy in all conduct, because it is written, Be holy, because I am holy." 1st Peter 1:13-16
"If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone who produces righteousness is born of Him." 1st John 2:29
"For the righteous Jehovah loves righteousness; His face beholds the upright." Psalms 11:7
"The righteous shall inherit the earth, and dwell in it forever." Psalms 37:29
"And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God." Romans 12:2
"Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him." 1st John 2:15
"Come out of her, my people, so that you not share in her sins, and so that you not receive of her plagues." Revelation 18:4b
"He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me. And he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me." Matthew 10:37
But nonetheless keep these verses in mind...
"And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My name, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life." Matthew 19:29
Author: Anonymous (at author's request)
All Scripture is taken from the VW Edition. www.a-voice.org
*Please note this website is part of the SDA church and I do not recommend it.
- Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible (Luke 2:8)
- Alexander Hislop, The Two Babylons or The Papal Worship, Loizeaux Brothers, 1916, pp. 94, 97.
- Ibid. pp.93
- Logos Communication Consortium, Christmas - What makes it important?, Brochure
- Curiosities of Popular Customs, Walsh, 1897
- The Book of Days, Chambers, 1879
- Unknown 2
- Unknown 2
- Unknown 2
- Unknown 2
- MacMillan Compact Encyclopedia
Note: British English is left as is, therefore in some words a 'u' is had where it would not be in the American English language.