1 If a soul sins and has heard the utterance of an oath, and is a witness, whether he has
seen or known of the matter; if he does not report it, he bears guilt.
2 Or if a soul touches any unclean thing, whether it is the carcass of an unclean beast, or
the carcass of unclean livestock, or the carcass of unclean creeping things, and he is
unaware of it, he also shall be unclean and guilty.
3 Or if he touches human uncleanness; whatever uncleanness with which a man may be
defiled, and he is unaware of it; when he has found out about it, then he shall be guilty.
4 Or if a soul swears, speaking thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good,
whatever it is that a man may speak rashly with an oath, and it is concealed from him;
when he has found out about it, then he shall be guilty in any of these matters.
5 And it shall be, when he is guilty in any of these matters, that he shall confess that he has
6 and he shall bring his trespass offering unto Jehovah for his sin which he has sinned, a
female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats as a sin offering. Thus the priest shall
make atonement for him concerning his sin.
7 If he cannot afford a lamb, then he shall bring unto Jehovah, for his guilt which he has
sinned, two turtledoves or two young pigeons: one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt
8 And he shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering
first, and nip off its head from its neck, but shall not divide it completely.
9 And he shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, and
the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering.
10 And he shall offer the second as a burnt offering according to the ordinance. Thus the
priest shall make atonement for his sin which he has sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.
11 And if he cannot afford two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then he who sinned
shall bring for his offering one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a sin offering. He shall
put no oil on it, nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.
12 And he shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his full handful of it as a
memorial portion, and burn it on the altar with smoke according to the offerings by fire
unto Jehovah. It is a sin offering.
13 The priest shall make atonement for him, for his sin that he has sinned in any of these
matters; and it shall be forgiven him. The rest is for the priest as a grain offering.
14 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
15 If a soul commits a trespass, and sins unintentionally in regard to the holy things of
Jehovah, then he shall bring unto Jehovah for his trespass a ram that is whole from the
flocks, with your valuation in shekels of silver according to the shekel of the sanctuary, as a
16 And he shall make good for his sin with regard to the holy thing, and shall add one-fifth to it and give it to the priest. Thus the priest shall make atonement for him with the
ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
17 If a soul sins, and has done any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the
commandments of Jehovah, though he does not know it, yet he is guilty and shall bear his
18 And he shall bring to the priest a ram that is whole from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering. Thus the priest shall make atonement for him regarding his unintentional error in which he did not know it, and it shall be forgiven him.
19 It is a trespass offering; he has trespassed against Jehovah to become guilty.