1 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is widespread among men:
2 A man to whom God has given riches, wealth, and honor, so that he lacks nothing for
his soul of all that he desires, yet God does not give him power to eat of it, but a
foreigner devours it. This is vanity, and it is an evil disease.
3 If a man begets a hundred, and lives many years, so that the days of his years are many,
and his soul is not filled with goodness, and there is also for him no burial; I say, a
miscarriage is better than he;
4 for it comes in with vanity and goes out in darkness, and its name is covered with
5 Also it has not seen the sun, nor known anything. This one has more rest than the
6 Yea, though he lives twice a thousand years, yet he has seen no goodness. Do not all
go to one place?
7 All the labor of man is for his mouth, and yet the soul is not satisfied.
8 For what has the wise more than the fool? What does the poor have, who knows how
to walk before the living?
9 Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire. This is also vanity and
striving of spirit.
10 That which one is, he has been named already, and it is known that he is man. And he
is not able to contend with Him who is mightier than he.
11 Since there are many things that increase vanity, how is man any better?
12 For who knows what is good for man in life, all the days of his vain life which he
spends as a shadow? For who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?