1 Samuel 20
1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan's face, What
have I done? What is my iniquity, and what is my sin before your father, that he is seeking
2 And Jonathan said to him, Let it not be! You shall not die! Behold, my father will do
nothing either great or small but that he will disclose it in my ear. And why should my
father hide this thing from me? It is not so!
3 And David swore and said, Your father has perceived to know that I have found favor in
your eyes, and he has said, Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved. But surely,
as Jehovah lives and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death.
4 And Jonathan said to David, Whatever your soul desires, I will do it for you.
5 And David said to Jonathan, Behold tomorrow is the New Moon, and I should remain
to sit with the king to eat. But let me go, that I may hide in the field until the third evening.
6 If your father notices and misses me, then answer, David has asked for himself a leave
of absence that he might run to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for
all the family.
7 If he says thus: Good, your servant will be safe. But if he burns with fury, then know
that evil is determined by him.
8 Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant
into a covenant of Jehovah with you. However, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself,
for why should you bring me to your father?
9 And Jonathan said, Let it not be! For if I perceived to know that evil was determined
by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you?
10 Then David said to Jonathan, Who will tell me? Or what if your father answers you
11 And Jonathan said to David, Come, and let us go out into the field. So both of them
went out into the field.
12 And Jonathan said to David: Jehovah the God of Israel is witness! When I have
searched out my father sometime tomorrow, or the third day, and there is good toward
David, and I have not disclosed it in your ear,
13 may Jehovah do so and much more to Jonathan. But if it pleases my father to do you
evil, then I will disclose it in your ear and send you away, that you may go in peace. And
Jehovah be with you as He was with my father.
14 And you shall not only show me the kindness of Jehovah while I still live, that I not die;
15 but you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever, no, not even when
Jehovah has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth.
16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let Jehovah require it
at the hand of David's enemies.
17 And Jonathan again caused David to swear, because he loved him; for he loved him as
he loved his own soul.
18 Then Jonathan said to David, Tomorrow is the New Moon; and you will be missed,
because your seat will be empty.
19 And when you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where
you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel.
20 And I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target;
21 and there I will send a lad, saying, Go, find the arrows. If I answer to say to him,
Behold, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come; then, as Jehovah lives,
there is peace for you and nothing else.
22 But if I say thus to the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond you; go your way,
for Jehovah has sent you away.
23 And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, behold Jehovah is between you
and me forever.
24 So David hid in the field. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to
25 Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. And Jonathan
rose up, and Abner sat by Saul's side, but David's place was empty.
26 Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, Something has
happened to him; he is not clean, surely he is not clean.
27 And it happened the next day, the second day of the month, that David's place was
empty. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, Why has the son of Jesse not come to the meal,
either yesterday or today?
28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David has asked for himself a leave of absence to go to
29 And he said, Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and thus my
brother has commanded me. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get
away and see my brothers. Therefore he has not come to the king's table.
30 Then Saul's anger burned against Jonathan, and he said to him, You son of perverse
rebellion! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to
the shame of your mother's nakedness?
31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your
kingdom. Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he is a son of death.
32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why should he be killed?
What has he done?
33 And Saul threw a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was
determined by his father to kill David.
34 So Jonathan rose up from the table in burning anger, and ate no food the second day
of the new moon, for he was grieved for David, because his father had shamed him.
35 And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time
appointed with David, and a little boy was with him.
36 And he said to the boy, Now run, find the arrows which I am shooting. As the boy ran,
he shot an arrow beyond him.
37 When the boy had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot,
Jonathan called out after the boy and said, Is not the arrow beyond you?
38 And Jonathan called out after the boy, Make haste, hurry, do not delay! So Jonathan's
boy gathered up the arrows and came back to his master.
39 But the boy did not know anything. Only Jonathan and David knew of the matter.
40 And Jonathan gave his weapons to the boy, and said to him, Go, carry them to the city.
41 And as soon as the boy had gone, David rose up from a place on the south side, fell on
his face to the ground, and bowed down three times. And they kissed one another; and
they wept together, but David more so.
42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of
Jehovah, saying, May Jehovah be between you and me, and between your seed and my
seed, forever. So he rose up and departed, and Jonathan went into the city.